Global Nutrition Policy Review

Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017


Malnutrition, in all its forms, is a critical global public health problem. Increasingly, the conditions of undernutrition and overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) coexist in nations, communities and households, and even within the same individual across the life course. Undernutrition continues to cause nearly half of deaths in children aged under 5 years, and it also impedes children’s achievement of their full economic, social, educational and occupational potential. Similarly, overweight, obesity and diet- related NCDs – which are increasing in children and adults, especially in urban populations – result in premature mortality and the early onset of disease with high levels of disability.

The first Global Nutrition Policy Review (GNPR1) was undertaken in 2009–2010. It served as a background paper to the Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition, which was adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2012, along with six global nutrition targets to be achieved by 2025.

The second GNPR (GNPR2) is based on the results of a comprehensive survey of nutrition-related policies, coordination mechanisms, capacities and actions; it was undertaken between July 2016 and December 2017, and 176 Member States (91%) and one area responded.1 Results of the survey were analysed and compared across World Health Organization (WHO) regions; a cross-modular analysis reviewed the policy environment in groups of countries, based on whether they are “on track” or “off track” to reach the global nutrition targets; and the results of GNPR2 were compared with the corresponding results of GNPR1, to identify areas that have progressed well since GNPR1 and those that will need greater effort if the global targets for 2025 and 2030 are to be met.

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