n the last decade, the COSI Portugal study, developed by the Department of Food and Nutrition of the National Institute of Health Doutor Ricardo Jorge and integrated in the Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative of the World Health Organization-Europe, has been showing an inverted trend in the prevalence of obesity and overweight children (-8.3% between 2008 and 2019). However, still one in three children is overweight and 10.6% childhood obesity.
It is also common to observe childhood obesity in families with obesity and other associated comorbidities. More than 60% of obese children will be obese adults, reducing the average age of the onset of non-communicable diseases, which, in itself, presents a greater risk of developing complications by Covid-19, which is a situation of particular concern among children from socioeconomic most unfavorable strata.
In view of the lack of knowledge about the treatment of this virus and its easy transmission, measures were introduced which inevitably led to changes in the usual daily routines. These restrictions included the closure of schools and daycare centers and the implementation of the telescope, forcing children to spend more time at home.